income and medication adherence image - scriptsave wellrx blog

by Jamie L. Voigtmann, PharmD Candidate 2019
Saint Louis College of Pharmacy

There are many aspects in life that can decrease prescription fill rates. This in turn causes medication non-adherence, where patients are unable to take their medications regularly as prescribed by a physician. It’s a common and costly problem across America.

What Prevents Patients from Filling Prescriptions?

Barriers to medication adherence include lifestyle preferences, fear or uncertainty about the effectiveness of new medications or adverse reactions, The complexity of instructions and or drug regimens, personal beliefs, and insufficient funds also come into play.1 Patients who have insufficient funds to pay for medications include, not only decreased socioeconomic status, but also all patients that qualify as low-income based on age, gender, race, location, and family size. Patients who have financial restrictions will commonly delay prescription refills, as well as subsequent copays, by splitting pills, taking pills every other day, or even discontinuing medications on their own. This is because many chronic conditions require multiple medications for treatment and many medications are expensive even with insurance.1

The Low-Income Populations Includes Elderly Patients

As mentioned previously, low-income patients not only include race, location, and family size, but also age. As patients become ≥ 65 years old they are most likely dependent on Medicare for health insurance coverage, since it is offered through the government. Elderly patients who experience decreased prescription fill rates have been associated with having increased out-of-pocket costs with prescription medication coverage, lower net worth, and lower household incomes.2 This is important to consider because as patients age their health often declines, indicating more need for medications. It is also imperative to think about this aspect as many Baby Boomers fall into this category, increasing the number of patients sharing Medicare benefits.

Which Types of Medications Do Low-Income Patients Struggle To Get?

A common misconception is that patients with low-income only have trouble affording newer novelty medications, such as HIV, Hepatitis C, and oncology medications. With these types of medications, many patients including the middle and upper economic classes struggle to pay for the medications due to the outstanding drug cost dictated by the manufacturers. Low-income patients also struggle with common health conditions such as asthma, diabetes, and high cholesterol. Patients who are in a lower socioeconomic class experience significantly less control over their asthma and commonly experience increased exacerbations compared to patients who belong to a higher economic class.3

When considering Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus, patients with high-incomes had increased compliance to treatment regimens including diet, exercise, and medications.4 The high-income patient’s also checked their A1c more often and were associated with higher self-care ability.4 Finally considering cholesterol medications, a recent study showed that low-income patients were willing to give up their cholesterol medications if a copay was present because the benefits are not commonly felt unlike insulin for diabetes or lisinopril for increased blood pressure.5

Low-Income vs. High-Income Prescriptions

It is interesting to realize what types of medications low-income patients are filling at the pharmacy, compared to high-income patients. According to The New York Times, high-income patients receive more cosmetic medications to treat baldness, erectile dysfunction, wrinkles, and eyelashes.6 These patients were also more likely to purchase medications to treat mental health.6 They also had more prescriptions for birth control pills due to a consistent prescription from a regular doctor.6 Medications that are more commonly received by low-income patients include HIV and Hepatitis C, most likely due to lack of education in transmission and poor access to healthcare.6

Lowering Overall Drug Costs

Overall, the relationship between income and prescription fill rates at the pharmacy is much more complicated than low-income patients having decreased prescription adherence.6 Different patients are more likely to develop certain diseases or illnesses that would increase healthcare costs. Patients also differ on when they seek medical attention, resulting in a significant cost even before a physician writes a prescription.6 Regardless of income, it’s important to treat patients with as few medications as possible while still treating chronic conditions to help lower overall drug costs for all patients.

References:

  1. Mishra SI, Gioia D, Childress S, Barnet B, Webster RL. Adherence to medication regimens among low-income patients with multiple comorbid chronic conditions. Health Soc Work. 2011; 36(4): 249–258.
  2. Zivin K, Ratliff S, Heisler MM, Langa KM, Piette JD. Factors influencing cost-related nonadherence to medication in older adults: a conceptually based approach. Value Health. 2010; 13(4): 338-45.
  3. Bacon SL, Bouchard A, Loucks EB, Lavoie KL. Individual-level socioeconomic status is associated with worse asthma morbidity in patients with asthma. Respir Res. 2009; 10: 125.
  4. Habib F, Durrany AM. Effect of age and socio-economic status on compliance among type 2 diabetic patients. Curre Res Diabetes & Obes J. 2018; 7(3): 555714.
  5. Watanabe JH, Kazerooni R, Bounthavong M. Association of copayment with likelihood and level of adherence in new users of statins: a retrospective cohort study. J Manag Care Pharm. 2014; 20(1): 43–50.
  6. Quealy K, Sanger-Katz M. The prescription drugs that rich people buy. The New York Times. February 7, 2019. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/02/07/upshot/income-strong-predictor-drug-purchases-serious-diseases.html. Accessed March 9, 2019.

 


Download the free WellRx app from the iOS app store or the Google Play Store,
and get registered to take advantage of our free medication adherence tools.

If you’re struggling to afford your medications,
visit www.WellRx.com to compare the cash discount price at pharmacies near you.
You may find prices lower than your insurance co-pay!

 

Trustpilot Logo
Trustpilot Stars
TrustScore

0 views

hypothyroidism - dr. checking patient - scriptsave wellrx blog

by Jamie Voigtmann, PharmD Candidate

Your body has a number of glands, but the thyroid gland is the small gland at the base of your neck that makes hormones to regulate your metabolism. This impacts your body’s metabolic rate (how you burn calories) as well as heart and digestive function, mood, and more. But what happens if something impacts the thyroid?

How Does the Thyroid Work?

First, the hypothalamus releases TRH which activates the pituitary to release TSH.1 This in turns activates the thyroid to produce and release T4 and T3 into the body but at an approximately 14:1 ratio, with T4 being 14 and T3 being 1.2 Then T4 and T3 bind to proteins and travel to other tissues in the body. There, the T4 will be changed to T3 by removing one molecule iodine.1 This is important because T3 is the active thyroid hormone unlike T4, which is inactive; T3 allows the body to control metabolism, temperature, and heart rate.1 Finally, the T4 and T3 in the body cause a negative feedback loop to the hypothalamus and pituitary. This can make the hypothalamus and the pituitary produce more hormones when T4 and T3 are low or produce less hormones when T4 and T3 are high.1

thyroid process - diagram - scriptsave wellrx blog image

What are the Causes and Symptoms of Hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism is most commonly caused by an autoimmune disorder which is when the body’s immune system attacks its own tissues rather than infections. Because of this, the autoimmune disorder causes a decreased amount of T4 and T3 being made.3 Other causes, although unlikely, include a low amount of iodine through diet, removal of the thyroid, radiation therapy for cancer treatment, and certain drugs (amiodarone, lithium, iodine, and rifampicin). Signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism are commonly dry skin, sensitivity to the cold, constipation, poor memory, fatigue, weight gain, puffiness around the eyes, and a slowed heart rate. These signs and symptoms are highly suggestive of hypothyroidism, but alone cannot diagnose this condition. Diagnostic measures most commonly include high TSH levels and low T4 levels.

What are the Treatment Options?

Synthetic T4 Replacement

The most common T4 replacement medication is levothyroxine, and it is recommended as the first treatment option for hypothyroidism.2 Although it is not the active form (T3), it can be made into T3 in the body’s tissues and is generally well-tolerated by many patients. Benefits of levothyroxine include normalizing thyroid function, once daily dosing, few side effects, low cost, and safety in pregnancy.2 But one thing that is very important and specific about levothyroxine is how it is taken. Levothyroxine must be taken on an empty stomach so that it can be appropriately absorbed by the body.3 This is easiest to accomplish in the morning right after waking up, at least 30 minutes before eating breakfast; but, it is possible to take levothyroxine before bedtime as long as it is 4 hours after eating.2 Levothyroxine must also be taken separately (approximately 4 hours before or after) from products such as calcium, iron, and antacids that contain aluminum or magnesium in order to optimize its absorption and efficacy.3 These products are commonly in the form of vitamins or supplements, as well as Tums, Mylanta, Milk of Magnesia, Alka-Seltzer, Maalox, and Rolaids.

Synthetic T3 Replacement

Hypothyroidism therapy also can consist of liothyronine, which is the active form of thyroid hormone: T3. Liothyronine has some disadvantages for the treatment of hypothyroidism when compared to levothyroxine. Currently it is only approved for once daily dosing, but this does not mimic the true release pattern of T3 from the thyroid.4 One small, randomized study showed an improvement in weight loss and decreased lipid profile compared to levothyroxine, but only if liothyronine was taken three times daily.4 Because of this, liothyronine is not currently recommended over levothyroxine because it’s once daily dosing does not provide better results.2 But, it is possible an extended-release formulation of liothyronine can prove to be clinically beneficial in the future.2 Overall, liothyronine has some disadvantages for the treatment of hypothyroidism when compared to levothyroxine such as unknown dosing schedule for best effect and increased cost.

Synthetic Combination Therapy

Some medications used to treat hypothyroidism have a mixture of T4 and T3. Unfortunately, there are many differing studies with different T4:T3 ratios and have unclear results.3 But, many of these clinical trials do not show benefit of T4 and T3 over T4 alone (levothyroxine).2 It has been reported that few patients taking levothyroxine alone still experienced signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism, although their TSH level was corrected to its normal value; and it has been discussed that these patients could potentially benefit from combination T4 and T3 therapy, but evidence is limited.2,3 Overall, levothyroxine remains the standard of care when treating hypothyroidism, with combination therapy of T4 and T3 only being considered after a patient tries levothyroxine and it does not work effectively.2

Natural Desiccated Therapy

This type of hypothyroid medication is also a combination of T4 and T3 but instead of being synthetic (made from chemicals), it is naturally obtained. This is because it is derived from thyroids of animals, particularly domesticated pigs.2,5 The common name of this type of medication is Armour Thyroid.5 The T4:T3 ratio is always 4:1, unlike the natural body’s ratio of 14:1.2 This can lead to an increased level of T3 at once and can result in adverse effects including increased heart rate and anxiety.2 But, there was one minor study completed that reported results of patients preferring desiccated therapy over levothyroxine due to decreased symptoms of hypothyroidism.5 Because this study was small, did not use appropriate questionnaires, and did not assess safety, it does not warrant its use over levothyroxine for hypothyroidism.2 Natural desiccated therapy falls into the same category of combination therapy . It should only be considered for patients who have tried levothyroxine and did not correct his/her thyroid function.2

References

  1. Yen PM. Physiological and molecular basis of thyroid hormone action. Physiol Rev. 2001; 81(3): 1097-1142.
  2. Jonklaas J, Bianco AC, Bauer AJ, et al. Guidelines for the treatment of hypothyroidism: prepared by the american thyroid association task force on thyroid hormone replacement. Thyroid. 2014; 24(12): 1670–1751.
  3. Chakera AJ, Pearce SHS, Vaidya B. Treatment for primary hypothyroidism: current approaches and future possibilities. Drug Des Devel Ther. 2012; 6: 1–11.
  4. Celi FS, Zemskova M, Linderman JD, et al. The pharmacodynamic equivalence of levothyroxine and liothyronine. a randomized, double blind, cross-over study in thyroidectomized patients. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2010; 72(5): 709–715.
  5. Hoang TD, Olsen CH, Mai VQ, Clyde PW, Shakir MK. Desiccated thyroid extract compared with levothyroxine in the treatment of hypothyroidism: a randomized, double-blind, crossover study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013; 98(5): 1982-1990.
0 views

ScriptSave WellRx app pill refill reminders - blog image

by Dan Johnson, RPh and PharmD,
Vice President of Network Strategy, ScriptSave

The risk for medication interactions dramatically increases as patients take multiple drugs. ScriptSave’s own Dr. Dan Johnson recently had an article published on the Living Better 50 website on steps you can take to protect yourself from dangerous drug interactions.

*****

More than 2 million patients are hospitalized every year after they inadvertently mix their prescription drugs, while another 100,000 die annually. And the statistics get worse with age. The chance of an adverse drug reaction for people over 50 jumps 33 percent versus younger people.

Even over-the-counter medications and supplements can incite dangerous health risks.For example, patients with high blood pressure should avoid taking cough medicines with decongestants and should consult their pharmacist on the best options to seek relief from cold and flu symptoms. Patients taking prescriptions for depression, chest pain, ADHD, gout, arthritis and other common ailments can frequently be at more risk for dangerous reactions if they don’t keep track of their prescription regimen.

How Can Patients Protect Themselves From Drug Interactions?

  1. Ideally, patients should go to the same pharmacist and discuss any other prescriptions they may be taking. This conversation should include over-the-counter and supplements – in addition to any medications.
  2. Be aware of how common household foods can impact medications. People who take Lipitor or Zocor with grapefruit juice may experience muscle pain and other side effects.
  3. As we age, our bodies metabolize drugs slower and at different rates. Because of this, patients should monitor any reactions to any new or existing drugs.
  4. There are many user friendly, free mobile apps that keep track of a patient’s regimen – alerting them to potential dangerous interactions. ScriptSave WellRx has a new “Virtual Medicine Cabinet” that warns patients of hazardous drug interactions. It also sends reminders when patients need to take their next pill, or need a refill.

Read the full story on living50better.com.

 

————–Addendum (13 Mar, 2019)————–

…and check out what Dr Max Gomez had to say on CBS News, including an interview with ScriptSave’s Dr Dan Johnson.

 

 


Human score    Trustpilot Stars    number of reviews    Trustpilot Logo

If you’re struggling to afford your medications,
visit www.WellRx.com to compare the cash price at pharmacies near you.
You may find prices lower than your insurance co-pay!

0 views

probiotics - yogurt image - scriptsave wellrx blog

by Terra Leon, PharmD Candidate 2019

Bacteria in food might not sound like a good thing, but probiotics are good bacteria that mimic the natural bacteria you have in your gut. The bacteria that naturally occurs in the gut supports proper gastrointestinal health and digestion. Different strains of probiotics can also support other functions in the body such as reduce vaginal infections, prevent autoimmune disease, reduce urinary tract infection rate, and ease skin ailments2.

Sources of Probiotics

Probiotics can be taken in several ways. As supplements, much like vitamins, or in dairy products, like yogurt, cheese, lactobacillus milk or kefir.

When choosing a dairy product like yogurt for your intake of probiotics it is important to choose a yogurt that has “Live and Active Cultures” on the product label. This statement means that the yogurt has at least 100 million active cultures per gram of yogurt1.  If you choose to use supplementation in the form of a capsule you should try and choose a product with a strain of probiotic that aids in the reason you are taking it. To start, most patients use a probiotic supplement that has both species of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus because these species are most commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract and aid in digestive health1. A commonly prescribed probiotic is VSL #3. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if this could be right for you.

What are Antibiotics

Antibiotics are widely used when a patient has a bacterial infection in the body. They work by inhibiting growth and replication of the bad bacteria that has infected your body. Different antibiotics target different bad or foreign bacteria in your body. Some even have a wide spectrum of activity and can wipe out the bad bacteria and the beneficial.

Purpose of Combined Use

When a patient receives a new antibiotic from their doctor, they are often told at the pharmacy that this medication has the potential to cause stomach upset or diarrhea for up to a month after use. The reason this happens is the antibiotic taken for an infection is powerful enough to kill off most bacteria in the body during the period it is being consumed. This includes the normal flora in your gut which helps with digestion and stool formation. Taking a probiotic with the species Bifidobacterium and/or Lactobacillus can greatly help reduce the likelihood of prolonged diarrhea and stomach pain. Once the antibiotic is consumed it will wipe out the bacteria in your stomach (good and bad) so taking a probiotic to help replace the good digestive bacteria can help reduce stomach upset. When using probiotics with antibiotics it is important to separate the two by 2 hours to ensure the antibiotic doesn’t wipe out the probiotic you just consumed. Using probiotics during antibiotic treatment and up to 3-7 days after antibiotic treatment can reduce the likelihood of stomach upset5. Always check with your doctor or pharmacist to ensure the use of probiotics is appropriate.

Risk vs Benefit

Probiotics are great in aiding in digestive health and preventing unwanted disorders. However, for those who are immunocompromised the risk can out weigh the benefit. Since the majority of probiotics work in the digestive tract side effects like gas and bloating are a possibility. Patients who have a compromised immune system, have certain bowel problems or are severely ill need to consult their doctor before starting a probiotic. Pregnant women and young children need to consult their doctor before starting probiotics.

Common Species/Strains of Probiotics Available

Species

  • Bifidobacteria (B.): commonly used in food and supplements to support your immune system, decrease growth of harmful bacteria in gut, and help breakdown lactose into nutrients2.
  • Lactobacillus (L.): produces lactase to breakdown lactose and produce lactic acid. Lactic acid helps reduce the amount of harmful bacteria and can fuel the body’s absorption of minerals2. This species of bacteria is commonly found in the mouth, vagina and small intestines.

Strains

  • animalis: helpful in supporting digestion, supporting immune health and fighting food borne bacteria2.
  • breve: works in the digestive tract and vagina to reduce yeast and ferments sugars to help your body absorb the nutrients2.
  • lactis: improves digestion, lower cholesterol and enhances immunity and fights tumor growth3.
  • longum: found in the GI tract and aids in the breakdown of carbohydrates and has antioxidant properties2.
  • acidophilus: found in the small intestines and the vagina. Helps to improves blood pressure and cholesterol, fights off bacterial/viral/fungal infections, aid in digestion and even reduce allergy severity3.
  • reuteri: found in the mouth and intestines. It helps fight off gingivitis by reducing oral bacteria that causes tooth decay and can help re-establish the pH of the vagina and aid in the digestive system2,3.
  • rhamnosus gg: boost immune system, reduce allergies and inflammation and can aid in digestive support by decreasing constipation, leaky gut symptoms and IBS symptoms3.
  • plantarum: can improve your overall health by improving your digestion and immunity. This strain of probiotic has a growing temperature that is very close to our body temperature allowing it to thrive3.
  • gasseri: found in the digestive and vaginal tract. This strain can assist with weight loss by possibly suppressing dietary fat absorption in the small intestines and in turn inhibiting calorie intake4.
  • casei: improves immunity, allergies (pollen), digestion (fights diarrhea) and can improve cholesterol levels3.
  • brevis: can reduce mouth ulcers and periodontal disease. This strain has also been seen to reduce urinary oxalate levels (kidney stones) and decrease H. pylori colonization3.
  • salivarius: found in the colon, vagina, small intestines and mouth. This strain can improve dental health, immunity and digestion3.

Resources:

  1. “What are probiotics?” Mayo Clinic. 14 Apr. 2017. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. 23 Jan. 2019 <https://www.mayoclinic.org/what-are-probiotics/art-20232589>.
  2. “6 Most Common Types of Probiotics.” Healthline. Healthline Media. 23 Jan. 2019 <https://www.healthline.com/health/types-of-probiotics#benefits>.
  3. Jerkunica, Evan. “About Top 15 Most Researched Probiotic Strains.” Lactobacillus plantarum Benefits & Side Effects – Probiotics.org. 2014. 23 Jan. 2019 <http://probiotics.org/strains/>.
  4. Leech, Joe. “Probiotics and Weight Loss Review: Microscopic Miracle or Mirage?” DIET vs DISEASE. 17 Dec. 2018. 23 Jan. 2019 <https://www.dietvsdisease.org/probiotics-and-weight-loss-review/>.
  5. Sherman, Max. “Probiotics and Microflora.” U.S. Pharmacist – The Leading Journal in Pharmacy. 17 Dec. 2009. 23 Jan. 2019 <https://www.uspharmacist.com/article/probiotics-and-microflora>.

Human score    Trustpilot Stars    number of reviews    Trustpilot Logo

0 views

2019 opioid guidelines - scriptsave wellrx blog image

by Katie Tam, PharmD Candidate,
University of Arizona College of Pharmacy

In October 2017, Acting Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary Eric D. Hargan issued a statement declaring a nationwide public health emergency regarding the opioid crisis.1 The opioid epidemic in America has become a top priority in efforts to prevent opioid overuse.

Opioids are a drug class that includes heroin, oxycodone, hydrocodone, codeine, morphine, fentanyl, and many other prescription pain relievers. These medications can carry serious risks, like addiction, overdose, and even death.

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) reported that more than 42,000 people died from overdoses involving opioids and estimated 40% of opioid overdose deaths involved a prescription opioid.2

New Medicare Part D Opioid Overutilization Policies

To help you use prescription opioid pain medications more safely, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has recently introduced new regulations in the Medicare part D prescription drug program. Using recommendations made by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on prescribing opioids for pain, CMS developed new safety measures. Here are some key points that are crucial to understand:

  1. New Opioid Users: Your Medicare drug plan and pharmacist will do safety reviews of your opioid pain medications when you fill a prescription. If you are a new opioid user, you may be limited to a 7 day supply or less. The hope is to reduce the risk of longer-term opioid misuse through closer management of opioid naïve patients.2 This policy will affect Medicare patients who have not filled an opioid prescription within the past 60 days and will prevent pharmacies from filling a new opioid prescription exceeding a 7 days supply.2
  2. Limited Opioid Amount: During the safety review, your pharmacist will also look for potentially unsafe opioid amounts and drug-drug interactions that may increase your risk of overdose. If your pharmacist decides that your total opioid prescription dose is not safe, the plan may limit your coverage of these drugs. This alert will identify patients that may benefit from closer monitoring and care coordination and encourage doctors to educate patients about opioid overdose risk and prevention.3
  3. High-Risk Opioid Users: This new regulation allows Medicare drug plans to implement a drug management program (DMP) that limits access to opioids and benzodiazepines (used for anxiety and sleep) for patients at high risk of opioid abuse.3 High risk patients will need to obtain their opioids from specified doctors or pharmacies. Before Medicare places you in a DMP, it will notify you by letter. The goal of this program is to identify potential at-risk patients and provide better care coordination for safer use of opioids and benzodiazepines.3

Opioid Policy Exclusions

The new opioid regulations do not apply to patients with cancer, those who get hospice, palliative, or end-of-life care, or who live in a long-term care facility. Also, patients who use the medication-assisted treatment (MAT) program will not be impacted by these new policy changes.2

About 115 patients die every day from an opioid overdose. Because opioid addiction is driving this epidemic, the hope is that these new regulations will reduce the negative impacts of the epidemic on Americans.4 If you suffer from severe or long-term pain, talk with your doctor about all your pain treatment options including whether taking an opioid is appropriate for you. There may be other ways to manage your pain with less risks.

Resources:

  1. HHS Acting Secretary Declares Public Health Emergency to Address National Opioid Crisis https://www.hhs.gov/about/news/2017/10/26/hhs-acting-secretary-declares-public-health-emergency-address-national-opioid-crisis.html
  2. A Prescriber’s Guide to the New Medicare Part D Opioid Overutilization Polices for 2019. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. https://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Prescription-Drug-Coverage/PrescriptionDrugCovContra/RxUtilization.html. Accessed January 20, 2019.
  3. CY 2019 Final Call letter. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. https://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Health-Plans/MedicareAdvtgSpecRateStats/Downloads/Announcement2019.pdf. Accessed January 20, 2019.
  4. Dowell D, Haegerich TM, Chou R. CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain — United States, 2016. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2016;65:1-49, available at http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.rr6501e1.

Human score    Trustpilot Stars    number of reviews    Trustpilot Logo

0 views

nocturnal cramps - scriptsave wellrx blog image

by Katie Tam, PharmD Candidate
Class of 2019, University of Arizona

Do you wake up in the middle of the night feeling as if your lower legs are paralyzed and cramped? Do your lower leg muscles feel as if they are hard to the touch and tight? If you experience these symptoms, you may have nocturnal leg cramps.

What are Nocturnal Leg Cramps?

Nocturnal leg cramps (leg cramps at night), also called Charley horses, are involuntary contractions or spasms of the muscles in the legs that usually occur during the night. These leg cramps often involve the posterior calf muscles, but can also involve the feet or thigh muscles. Because the muscles are tightened and knotted, nocturnal leg cramps are extremely painful sensation. Symptoms of straining, tightening, cramping, and knotting may last up to 10 minutes per episode.1 Since leg cramps can last for a while, the patient may experience muscle tenderness and soreness for up to a day after symptoms are gone. Nocturnal leg cramps are more common in women and in adults over the age of 50.1 Laboratory evaluation and specialized testing are usually not necessary to confirm diagnosis.

Are Nocturnal Leg Cramps the Same as Restless Leg Syndrome? 

In a word, no. Nocturnal leg cramps are not the same as RLS (Restless Leg Syndrome).

Nocturnal Leg Cramps Restless Leg Syndrome
Usually occurs at night or at rest Usually occurs at night or at rest
Cause pain and cramping Cause discomfort and crawling sensation
Stretching the muscle relieves pain Moving the legs relieves discomfort

Causes of Nocturnal Leg Cramps

The exact cause of nocturnal leg cramps is often unknown. However, there are several factors that may increase your risk of leg cramps:

  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Over-exertion of the muscles from exercise
  • Standing for long periods of time
  • Improper sitting position, like crossing your legs1

The following medical conditions are also known to cause nocturnal leg cramps:

  • Pregnancy
  • Endocrine disorders (diabetes, hypothyroidism)
  • Structural issues (flat feet, spinal stenosis)
  • Neurodegenerative disorders (Parkinson’s disease)
  • Neuromuscular disorders (myopathy, peripheral neuropathy)
  • Medications (diuretics, intravenous iron sucrose, raloxifene, statins, naproxen, conjugated estrogens, beta agonists)
  • Dehydration/electrolyte imbalances2

Management and Treatment of Leg Cramps

  1. Stretch: The best method to relive pain and cramps is to stretch the affected muscle and hold the stretch for one minute.
  2. Exercise: Walking around sends a signal to the muscle that it needs to relax after contracting, which will help ease the leg muscle.
  3. Massage: Kneading, rubbing, and massaging the affected muscle can also relieve the cramps.
  4. Apply heat: Other methods that have shown some benefit include taking warm baths and showers, and applying a hot towel or pad to the affected area to relax the tight muscles.2
  5. Over the counter medications: No current medications have shown safe and effective results in patients with nocturnal leg cramps. However, calcium channel blockers (diltiazem), vitamin B12 complex, carisoprodol (Soma) have some good evidence and may be considered in some patients.3 Magnesium have some benefit in pregnant patients and mixed results in non-pregnant patients with leg cramps. No evidence supports the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (naproxen), potassium, or calcium.3

Prevention and Self-Care Strategies:

  1. Hydration: Drink lots of water and fluids every day to keep your body hydrated and help your muscles contract and relax more. Men should drink 15.5 cups (3.7 liters) of fluids and women should drink 11.5 cups (2.7 liters) of fluids a day.
  2. Stretch before bed: If you experience nocturnal leg cramps, stretch your calf muscles for a few minutes before bed.
  3. Doing light exercise: Walking around your neighborhood or house before bedtime may help prevent leg cramps at night.
  4. Wearing comfortable shoes: Wearing shoes that support your feet can help prevent leg spasms.
  5. Untucking the covers: Loosening the bed covers at the foot of the bed will give your legs more space to move and prevent cramps.1

The next time you experience nocturnal leg cramps, identify the cause. Then, try one of the treatment methods to relieve your leg cramps. After resolving your leg cramps, use the self-care strategies to help prevent future leg cramps. However, if your leg cramps persist for long periods of time and occur every day, talk to your physician to determine whether or not you have leg cramps or other alternative medications that are appropriate.

Resources:

  1. Leg Cramps at Night. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/14170-leg-cramps-at-night. Accessed January 10, 2019.
  2. American Academy of Family Physicians. Nocturnal Leg Cramps. Accessed January 10, 2019.
  3. Abdulla AJ, Jones PW, Pearce VR. Leg cramps in the elderly: prevalence, drug and disease associations. Int J Clin Pract. 1999;53(7):494–496.

Human score    Trustpilot Stars    number of reviews    Trustpilot Logo

0 views

are canadian drugs legit - scriptsave wellrx - blog image

by Katy Winkel, PharmD Candidate Class of 2019
University of Kansas School of Pharmacy

Many of us have had a relative, friend, or coworker who gets their medications from Canada. For many of us, this sparks a stream of questions: “Are Canadian medications legit? How are medications approved in Canada? Is it legal to buy prescription medications from Canada?” You may be surprised to discover that Canada and the United States (U.S.) are very similar in their drug approval process; some may even say they are near identical.

Similarities between the U.S. and Canadian drug approval process

Both Health Canada and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have processes which drug companies must follow in order to get medications approved. Both processes have three phases of clinical trials as well as a post-marketing phase.1 Even though the processes are so similar for prescription medication approval, it is still illegal to import drugs or devices into the U.S. for personal use.3 The FDA’s reasoning behind this is that they cannot ensure “safety and effectiveness” of the medications being imported. Many of you may then be asking, “What if it’s a medication like Lisinopril that is already approved in the U.S.?” This is a gray area and even the FDA is vague on the topic saying these are “circumstances in which the FDA may consider exercising enforcement discretion and refrain from taking legal action against illegally imported drugs.”4

Why are Canadian medications so much cheaper?

The Patented Medicine Prices Review Board (PMPRB) “protects and informs Canadians by ensuring that the prices of patented medicines sold in Canada are not excessive and by reporting on pharmaceutical trends.” Furthermore, Canada has a law that states the price of a new medication, first of its kind, cannot exceed the median price for the rest of the world.2 As discussed above, the Canadian drug approval process is just as rigorous as the U.S., therefore if you decide to purchase from a Canadian pharmacy, one way to verify that it is legit is to look for the pharmacy license number to be shown on the website.2 Unfortunately, the United States is the only industrialized country that doesn’t utilize price controls for pharmaceuticals resulting in astronomical drug prices. The U.S. federal government reported that in 2012, around 5 million Americans had purchased drugs outside the U.S.

Over-the-Counter Medications

Along with cheaper prescription medications, Canada also has cheaper over-the-counter (OTC) medications, too. However, unlike prescription medications, it is legal to buy OTC medications from Canada.5 To determine whether the product is legit, look for the product label to contain an 8-digit Drug Identification Number (DIN), which means it has met Canadian standards for safety, quality, and effectiveness.5

“The Food and Drug Administration is responsible for protecting the public health by ensuring the safety, efficacy, and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, and medical devices;”3 therefore the safest option is to obey the FDA regulations.

If you’re having trouble affording your medications, try the free ScriptSave WellRx price comparison tool to see if we can help you save. The ScriptSave WellRx program is freeto all patients, and the price-check tool is available 24/7, without the need for an account or any personal details. In other words, the program can be used risk-free and with nothing to lose. We even provide free medication management tools, refill reminders and an “Ask a Pharmacist” helpline. We’re doing our best every day to help patients get safe, hassle-free savings.

 

References:

  1. “Comparison: Canada and United States.” National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 8 Feb. 2018, clinregs.niaid.nih.gov/country/canada/united-states#_top.
  2. Kirschner, Chanie. “Why Are Pharmaceuticals Cheaper in Canada?” MNN – Mother Nature Network, Mother Nature Network, 5 June 2017, https://www.mnn.com/health/fitness-well-being/questions/why-are-pharmaceuticals-cheaper-in-canada
  3. Office of Regulatory Affairs. “Import Basics – Personal Importation.” U S Food and Drug Administration Home Page, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, 3 Aug. 2018, https://www.fda.gov/forindustry/importprogram/importbasics/ucm432661.htm
  4. Osterweil, Neil. “Buying or Importing Prescription Drugs: Laws and Regulations.” WebMD, WebMD, www.webmd.com/healthy-aging/features/letter-and-spirit-of-drug-import-laws.
  5. Canada, Health. “Regulation of Non-Prescription Drugs.” ca, Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada, 21 Feb. 2018, https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/self-care-regulation-non-prescription-drugs.html

Human score    Trustpilot Stars    number of reviews    Trustpilot Logo

If you’re struggling to afford your medications,
visit www.WellRx.com to compare the cash price at pharmacies near you.
You may find prices lower than your insurance co-pay!

0 views

does tamiflu help - scriptsave wellrx blog post image

by Terra Leon, PharmD Candidate 2019

Tamiflu (oseltamivir) is a prescription medication used in the treatment of influenza in patients 2 weeks and older. It can also be indicated as prophylaxis treatment from the flu and reduce the chances of getting the flu in patients 1 year and older1.

tamiflu package-flu shot image - scriptsave wellrx blog

How does Tamiflu work?

Tamiflu (oseltamivir) is a prodrug, meaning that the drug is metabolized into the active drug after it is administered. Prodrugs are beneficial when the active drug itself has low availability in circulation and is not absorbed well in the stomach. Prodrugs are designed to not only increase the amount active drug in circulation, improve elimination but they also can reduce adverse effects or unintended side effects. Once Tamiflu is metabolized into the active drug, the active drug blocks replication of the virus in the body3. Tamiflu stops the replication process of the influenza virus in your body, it does not cure you of the flu rather it shortens the duration of flu like symptoms in the body by about 1-2 days.

Can everyone use Tamiflu?

Tamiflu (oseltamivir) is recommended in patients for treatment of influenza who are 2 weeks and older and is to be initiated within 48 hours of influenza symptom onset2. Tamiflu may also be prescribed for patients who were exposed to a confirmed flu diagnosis within 48 hours of close contact with the infected individual2. Patients who use Tamiflu >48 hours of symptom onset or exposure may still benefit from the medication, specifically children4. A study was done in children indicating that if Tamiflu was administered within 5 days of symptom onset that overall flu symptoms were reduced by 1 day when compared to placebo4.

Tamiflu side effects

The main side effects patients experience while using Tamiflu are headache, nausea and vomiting3. Please seek medical attention if you have any serious skin and hypersensitivity reaction.

Misconceptions about Tamiflu

Tamiflu will cure me of the flu

Most patients have the misconception that Tamiflu will cure them of the flu, when in reality the medication works by reducing the number of days with flu like symptoms. There is not direct cure for the flu since it is a viral entity, like the common cold. All we can do is treat our symptoms to ease the burden of the virus on the body. The most effective way to protect yourself from the flu is to receive your flu vaccination annually.

Tamiflu is a replacement for the flu shot

Tamiflu or any antiviral medication is not a replacement treatment for the flu vaccine itself. Receiving the flu vaccine is the primary defense to protect yourself from the flu. Antiviral medications are second line when the flu vaccine is not available or contraindicated for the individual4. Most insurance companies will cover the flu vaccine at little to no cost at all where Tamiflu (oseltamivir) can cost anywhere from $50-$135 depending on insurance and quantity needed5. That being said, receiving the flu vaccine protects you from the unwanted flu symptoms as well as the unwanted cost of medication, doctor office visits, and valuable time off work and school.

When I take Tamiflu I cannot get sick

There is no evidence that Tamiflu has any effect on any other illness in the body that does not contain influenza viruses, including bacterial infections. Some bacterial infections can initially present as influenza, it is important to be tested for influenza before starting Tamiflu as the sole treatment2. Always follow up with your doctor if you suspect a secondary bacterial infection in order to be treated appropriately.

Resources:

  1. “Fever, aches, chills. Check your symptoms and learn more about a prescription flu treatment.” Tamiflu.havaswwsfdev.com. 2019. 15 Jan. 2019 <https://www.tamiflu.com/>.
  2. Tamiflu Prescribing Information. 2018. 15 Jan. 2019 <https://www.gene.com/download/pdf/tamiflu_prescribing.pdf>.
  3. “Tamiflu (oseltamivir).” Facts & Comparisons. 15 Jan. 2019 <https://fco.factsandcomparisons.com/lco/action/search?q=tamiflu&t=name&va=>.
  4. “Influenza (Flu).” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 22 Nov. 2013. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 15 Jan. 2019 <https://www.cdc.gov/flu/news/flu-antiviral-benefits.htm>.
  5. “Tamiflu (oseltamivir).” ScriptSave Wellrx.  Feb 2019 https://www.wellrx.com/prescriptions/tamiflu/

0 views

alternatives toSudafed for HBP patients - allergy image - scriptsave wellrx

by Katie Tam
PharmD Candidate Class of 2019, University of Arizona

It’s allergy season and you can’t breathe the fresh air because your nose is congested and stuffed. You visit the pharmacy and purchase a box of Sudafed. Your pharmacist asks if you have a history of high blood pressure, and you answer “yes.” The pharmacist replies that she does not recommend Sudafed for you, but why?

What you need to know about Pseudoephedrine:

Brands of common over-the counter decongestants that contain pseudoephedrine: Allegra-D, Alka Seltzer Plus Cold Medicine Liqui-Gels, Aleve Cold and Sinus Caplets, Benadryl Allergy and Sinus Tablets, Claritin-D Non-Drowsy 24 Hour Tablets, Robitussin Cold Severe Congestion Capsules, Sudafed 24 Hour Tablets, SudoGest, Wal-phed 12 hour, Suphedrine.2

Indications: nasal congestion, sinus congestion, and Eustachian tube congestion

Adverse side effects of pseudoephedrine:

  • Common: insomnia, nervousness, excitability, dizziness, and anxiety
  • Infrequent: tachycardia (rapid heart beat) or palpitations
  • Rare: dilated pupils, hallucinations, arrythmias (irregular heartbeat), high blood pressure, seizures, inflammation of the large intestine, and severe skin reactions

Contraindications for pseudoephedrine:

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Severe or uncontrolled high blood pressure
  • Severe coronary artery disease
  • Prostatic hypertrophy
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Closed angle glaucoma
  • Pregnant women

Pseudoephedrine and High Blood Pressure Interaction

In 2005, a study showed that pseudoephedrine increased systolic blood pressure and heart rate, but had no effect on diastolic blood pressure.1 They also found that higher doses and immediate-release formulations of pseudoephedrine were associated with higher blood pressures.1 In addition, the study revealed that patients with well controlled hypertension had higher systolic and diastolic blood pressures after taking immediate release pseudoephedrine formulations.1

What are safe alternatives to pseudoephedrine in patients with high blood pressure?

There are a few safe and effective alternatives to pseudoephedrine in patients with high blood pressure that can relieve nasal or sinus congestion symptoms. Placing a humidifier in the bedroom keeps moisture in the air, which helps prevent your nasal passages from drying out. Humidifiers can also help break up mucus and soothe inflamed nasal passageways.3 In addition, propping your head up on 2 pillows may help the mucus flow out of your nose and relieve some congestion. Saline sprays are also another safe option that can loosen congestion and improve drainage.3 If a patient with high blood pressure insists on taking a medication that includes pseudoephedrine, their pharmacist or physician will recommend the patient to monitor their blood pressure and take a sustained-release formulation to reduce the risk of increasing blood pressure.3

Next time you have sinus or nasal congestion, ask your physician before using pseudoephedrine if you have high blood pressure. Your local pharmacist can also help manage nasal congestion symptoms, provide valuable information regarding safer alternatives, and ensure optimal drug selection in patients with high blood pressure.

Resources:

  1. Salerno SM, Jackson JL, Berbano EP. Effect of Oral Pseudoephedrine on Blood Pressure and Heart Rate: A Meta-analysis. Arch Intern Med. 2005;165(15):1686–1694. doi:10.1001/archinte.165.15.1686.
  2. Radack  KDeck  CC Are oral decongestants safe in hypertension? an evaluation of the evidence and a framework for assessing clinical trials.  Ann Allergy 1986;56396- 401.
  3. High Blood Pressure and Cold Remedies: Which Are Safe? Mayo Clinic.  https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/expert-answers/high-blood-pressure/faq-20058281. Published January 09, 2019. Accessed January 20, 2019.

 

0 views

shingrix on backorder - scriptsave wellrx blog image

by Katy Winkel, PharmD Candidate Class of 2019
University of Kansas School of Pharmacy

Shingrix was approved in October 2017, nearly 10 years after Shingles Zostavax came to market. Shingrix is an inactivated, 2-dose series that anyone 50 years or older is eligible to receive. With the 2-dose series you will receive the first vaccine, then 2 to 6 months later you’ll receive the second vaccine. The Shingrix series is proven to be up to 90% effective unlike Shingles Zostavax, which is only 51% effective.

Shingrix is given intramuscularly, which means it will be given in your upper arm muscle much like where the flu vaccine is given. The most common side effects from Shingrix are pain, redness, and swelling at the injection site. Also, flu-like symptoms following the vaccine are common such as muscle pain, tiredness, fever, and upset stomach.1

The pharmacy tells me it’s on “backorder.” What does that mean?

The term “backorder” in terms of pharmacy simply means that the pharmacy went to place an order on a specific item and the wholesaler, or company that sells the item, cannot fulfill the order due to shortages. The manufacturer producing Shingrix is now experiencing shipping delays for their vaccine due to the high levels of demand putting it on “backorder.”3 Unfortunately, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), is unsure of the exact date when Shingrix will be available again, and they predict that the manufacturer will continue to only release small amounts through 2019.2

What if I’ve already received the first dose of Shingrix and I’m past the 6-month mark for the second vaccine?

Per the CDC, once the Shingrix vaccine becomes available again you will get the second dose and do not need to restart the series. If you have not received any of the Shingrix series, but are wanting immediate vaccination, the old vaccine, Shingles Zostavax, is still available for use per the CDC. You should wait a minimum of 8 weeks after getting Shingles Zostavax before you receive Shingrix.3

While you wait….

Many pharmacies have started a waiting list for the Shingrix vaccine and prioritize customers who have already had the first dose. Also, any time you are in your local pharmacy be sure and ask if there are any updates on the availability of Shingrix. Pharmacists are here to help!

 

References:

  1. “Healthcare Providers / Professionals.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 19 Nov. 2018, www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/clinical-resources/shortages.html.
  2. “Shingles Vaccine.” SHINGRIX, Apr. 2018, www.shingrix.com/index.html.
  3. “Vaccines and Preventable Diseases.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 20 Nov. 2018, www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd/shingles/hcp/shingrix/faqs.html.

People love ScriptSave!

Trustpilot rating
Trustpilot Stars

Trustpilot Logo

0 views

activated charcoal image - scriptsave wellrx blog

by Terra Leon, PharmD Candidate 2019

With all the new diet and detoxification trends arising from celebrities and the media, it’s hard to know harmful from helpful. Activated charcoal has been portrayed as the new “magic bullet” for multiple health issues. Activated charcoal’s popularity is quickly spreading and turning up in supplements, juices, hangover remedies, face masks and even toothpaste. The media and celebrities promise it will reduce bloating, clear skin, whiten your teeth, and detox your organs for a healthier life. But does it work?

What is Activated Charcoal

Charcoal is a fine black powder made from bone char, coal, saw dust, olive pits, coconut shells or petroleum coke4. The charcoal becomes activated when it is heated at a high enough temperature the structure changes and provides a higher surface area for substances to bind to4. Activated charcoal’s oldest use is in medical practice in the Emergency Room as a treatment to detox patients who over dose on certain medications. When a patient over doses on a medication like Tylenol or Aspirin, activated charcoal is utilized to help trap toxins and gases in the gut. Since activated charcoal is not absorbed by the body it carries the toxins bound to its surface area out of your body through feces like a big drug sponge. Due to its highly negatively charged surface, activated charcoal attracts positively charged molecules for excretion, like toxins and gases but it can also have an effect on other medication and lead to lower absorption4.

Alternative Options

An alternative to activated charcoal to reduce gas and bloating, is to stick to a whole food plant-based diet, avoid products with artificial sweeteners, avoid carbonated drinks, and beer, which can release carbon dioxide gas, Also, be sure to eat and drink slowly1. Taking your time eating and drinking can help you swallow less air and reduce gas. Consult your health care provider for other alternative over-the-counter options, such as Gas-X, if natural options still don’t provide relief.

For clear skin try over the counter or prescription products that help reduce oils and clear bacteria on the skin surface. Make sure you wash your face every day and avoid high in oil foods to reduce surface oil1. Consult your healthcare professional if blemishes continue to arise.

If its whiter teeth you seek, try over the counter whitening kits that have hydrogen peroxide. Rinse your mouth after consuming coffee, soda or teas. Activated charcoal lacks published studies on being beneficial for teeth whitening. In fact, the fine black charcoal powder can potentially become embedded into cracks or small holes in the teeth producing the opposite effect1. Consult your dentist for alternative whitening procedures.

Not So Harmless?

Using activated charcoal supplement as a detoxification method is not as harmless as some may think.  Activated charcoal does not have the ability to suck out toxic chemicals from your body, its effects are limited to the GI tract3. Furthermore, it does not discriminate against helpful chemicals in food you consume and can remove beneficial nutrients such as Vitamin C, B6, Thiamine, Biotin and Niacin from the body3. In line with this, there are also concerns that activated charcoal can make medications less effective. In short, to “detox” or cleanse the body make sure to drink plenty of water each day and eat a high in fiber diet to help naturally remove waste from the body.

Medication Interactions

Activated charcoal can reduce the absorption and interrupt the circulation of certain medications and should only be used under the supervision of a health care professional2. If you are taking any prescription medication consult your doctor before using charcoal as a supplement or any other oral ingestible form. Due to its possibility of decreasing absorption of other medication it is recommended to take activated charcoal at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after taking other drugs if approved by your doctor2.

Bottom Line

With all the new health fads and trends offering a one supplement solve all solution or “magic bullet” it is easy to get sucked into the excitement of this new trend. When it comes to activated charcoal there are no strong studies supporting these benefits and weaker studies are not supported by science. Always consult your doctor or health care professional to gain all the information you need about a new product to determine if this product will be helpful or harmful to your personal health.

References:

  1. Calderone, Julia. “Activated Charcoal Isn’t a Magic Health Bullet.” Product Reviews and Ratings – Consumer Reports, Apr. 2017, consumerreports.org/dietary-supplements/activated-charcoal-fad-not-a-magic-health-bullet/.
  2. Charcoal Oral, Facts & Comparisons, 2018, https://fco.factsandcomparisons.com/lco/action/search?q=activated%2Bcharcoal&t=name&va=activated%2Bchar.
  3. Gavura, Scott. “Activated Charcoal: The Latest Detox Fad in an Obsessive Food Culture.” Science-Based Medicine, 28 Jan. 2016, sciencebasedmedicine.org/activated-charcoal-the-latest-detox-fad-in-an-obsessive-food-culture/. https://sciencebasedmedicine.org/activated-charcoal-the-latest-detox-fad-in-an-obsessive-food-culture/
  4. Petre, Alina. “What Is Activated Charcoal Good For? Benefits and Uses.” Healthline, Healthline Media, June 2017, www.healthline.com/nutrition/activated-charcoal#section10.

People love ScriptSave!

Trustpilot rating
Trustpilot Stars

Trustpilot Logo

0 views

drug recalls - patient guide - scriptsave wellrx - blog image

by Jenny Bingham, PharmD, BCACP
SinfoníaRx

Have you ever experienced the unsettling feeling when you hear a drug recall announcement for a prescription that you take every day? The United States Food & Drug Administration (FDA) recalled over seven different products in December 2018 due to impurities, mislabeling, or performance defects. The FDA works closely with drug manufacturers to recall and remove any defective medications from the consumer market.  They also have laws that require organizations to contact patients subject to the recall.

If you do find yourself not knowing what next steps to take after a drug recall, here are some useful tips to guide you throughout the process.

Step 1: Resources for Recalled Medications

The FDA publicly shares a current listing of all recalled products on their website. If you receive a phone call, email, mailer, or any type of communication from your dispensing pharmacy and/or organization that administers your medication to you, you can use this website to learn more information about the recall and the reason for it.

Patients can also contact their dispensing pharmacy to confirm whether their medication was subject to the recall. Most pharmacies keep a digital log of the lot number, expiration date, and NDC. They can compare it to the FDA’s drug recall tracking information (as shown below), along with product photos on their website.

NDC Manufacturer Product
Description
Lot/Batch Expiration
Date

The FDA classifies drug recalls based on their severity. Class I Recalls pose a risk for serious health problems and death. Class II Recalls pose a risk of temporary or reversible health problems. Class III Recalls are not likely to cause an adverse health problem, but it violated FDA laws. Only your provider can determine what is the best course of action to take in response to the recall.

Step 2: Contact Your Provider

Whether your provider is an ambulatory care pharmacist, nurse practitioner, or a medical doctor, it is imperative that you contact them once you learn about your drug’s recall. Do not abruptly stop therapy without consulting your provider. Some medications pose severe risks if you suddenly stop taking them.

Your provider can work with you to develop a plan. Your pharmacy might be able to refill the medication from a different manufacturer that is not related to the recall. If they are not able to substitute with a different manufacturer, your provider will work with you to determine what is an appropriate alternative therapeutic regimen.

Step 3: Disposing of Your Medication

If your medication is recalled and your provider advises you to discontinue therapy and stop taking it, it is important to properly dispose of your medicine. The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) announces National Prescription Drug Take-Back events on their website. The FDA also has a website that shares useful tips on how to safely dispose of medicine.

 

Resources:

https://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/DrugRecalls/default.htm

https://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/drug_disposal/takeback/index.html

https://www.fda.gov/drugs/resourcesforyou/consumers/buyingusingmedicinesafely/ensuringsafeuseofmedicine/safedisposalofmedicines/ucm186187.htm#1


It’s cold and flu season.

Need to save money on your
Tussionex or Azithromycin (Z-Pak)
prescription?
Visit www.WellRx.com to find the
lowest medication prices
at pharmacies near you!

 

0 views